In many ways it was remarkable. Four machine gunners, a mechanic, an electrician, an electrician/mechanic, a driver, a main gun gunner, a loader, a commander, and a radio operator. In addition to its primary weapon, there were four 8 mm Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine guns. The Char 2C, also known as the FCM 2C, is a French heavy tank, later also seen as a super-heavy tank,[1] developed during World War I but not deployed until after the war. Louis Renault laid down the new tank's design and overall specifications, notably its projected weight which could not exceed 7 tons. When the German Panzerdivisionen, in the execution of Operation Fall Rot, breached the French lines after 10 June 1940, the decision was made to prevent the capture of the famous equipment. Dinnerware is a term used to refer to tableware and "crockery" refering to porcelain and bone china produced by makers such as Bernardaud in France, Herend in Hungry, Royal Copenhagen in Denmark, Wedgwood in England, Pickard made her in the United States. Their military value slowly decreased as more advanced tanks were developed throughout the 1920s and 1930s. The rear turret was made of 22 millimetre plates. The tank could accelerate up to 17 kph. The proportions of this AFV are staggering – measuring over 10 meters in length, over 4 meters in height, weighing in at 69 tons, it had a crew of 12. The second rear turret housed a machine gun. The Char 2C also had what is likely the largest tanker crew ever: twelve. It had a very heavy gun for the time, and thick armor—but suffered from extremely low power output, which significantly hindered the tank’s cross-country ability. Like the superheavy tank it had no real spring system for the twelve small wheels per side. Specifically, the mismatch in crew values caused by commander's 10% crew skill bonus. Even before knowing what the exact nature of the project would be, on 20 October Mourret ordered one prototype to be built by FCM. It seems that the original contract was mainly awarded due to nepotism. General Philippe Pétain, the new High Commander of the French Army, asked Estienne to use his position to end the project. To the public, they obtained the reputation of invincible super tanks, the imagined dimensions of which far surpassed the actual particulars. It was very elongated with a length of 6.5 metres and width of 205 centimetres. It was very elongated with a length of 6.5 meters and width of 205 centimeters. It resembled a scaled-down Char 2C, the giant tank produced by the same company. The vehicle was thus less cramped than earlier designs, the crew could walk, slightly crouching, throughout the hull. Seven fuel tanks, containing 1,260 litres, gave it a range of 150 kilometres. Between 15 November and 15 December 1939 the Lorraine, as the company command tank, was experimentally up-armoured at the Société des Aciéries d'Homecourt to make it immune to standard German antitank guns. For propaganda, each tank had been named after one of the ancient regions of France, numbers 90-99 being named Poitou; Provence; Picardie; Alsace; Bretagne; Touraine; Anjou; Normandie; Berry; Champagne respectively. The Char 2C was very similer to the FCMfcm 1A, had massive size, up to 45mm armor, but had two 250hp engines giving it a top speed of 15km/h. Post by trekfanj » Tue Jun 10, 2014 6:25 pm HamilkarBarkas wrote: Verlinden produces several sets of tankers, but most of the time they are in "surrender" pose. [2] In this period both the French and the British military had become aware of severe mobility and steering problems with heavy tracked vehicles; the French designs paralleled extensive British experiments with all kinds of improved tank transmissions to solve them. Studies on the design of a light tank were initiated in July 1916 by Louis Renault, a major automobile and truck manufacturer. It was very elongated with a length of 6.5 meters and width of 205 centimeters. Kit features one-piece turret and two-piece hull with rivets, photo-etch parts (air intake grille), rotatable ball-mounted machine guns, individual track links. Despite the end of hostilities, however, strong political pressure to adopt new heavy tank projects remained, as there was now a considerable surplus capacity in the heavy industry. On 29 January he wrote a letter to Minister Thomas, making clear that under no circumstances could the project be allowed to impede production of the Schneider CA. Designed by FCM (A naval shipyard) during the last months of WW1, basing theirself on their wartime FCM 1 design. Bundesarchive Photos 1933 - 1945..+ all fields of WWII - Page 542 . It is unlocked upon obtaining ten kills with the Char 2C. The suspension contained thirty-nine interleaving road wheels on each side, making for a total of ninety wheels on the tank. © Copyright 2021 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. It resembled a scaled-down Char 2C, the giant tank produced by the same company. These 69 ton gaints where designed during WW1 and where used during WW2 as propaganda tools by the french describing them as invincible gaints These tanks where hastly sended to the south when the germans invaded france. French politicians, not having been greatly involved in them and leaving the matter to the military, were no less inquisitive. 155mm howitzer- variant of the 155 C Mle 1917 Schneider: Secondary armament. The Char 2C also had what is likely the largest tanker crew ever: twelve. The six remaining tanks hastily embarked on two trains at the station of Landres on 13 June. Badass French Tank Crew in front of the biggest operational tank ever, Char 2C (interwar period). Crew: 12: Armour: 45 mm max. In late January Nivelle learned of the heavy tank project from Estienne. [2] The design was presented to the Consultative Committee of the Assault Artillery on 16 and 17 January 1917, after the basic concept had been approved on 30 December. On 24 June the ministry of armament complained about the situation. The minimum speed was 2 km/h (1.24 mph). Despite being singularly slow, the tank had otherwise good mobility, partly due to its enormous size and height, which allowed it to cross relatively high obstacles—being over 33 feet long also helped the Char to cross trenches or craters. Alarmed, Estienne now wrote a letter to the Commander-in-Chief, General Joffre, dated 27 November 1916 and defending the light tank concept. One prototype was completed. It never saw combat and was essentially a propaganda creation. The front armour was enhanced to 90 mm, the side to 65 mm. A rather large riveted turret with a stroboscopic cupola, adopted from the Char 2C, brought its height to 252 centimeters. This proposed tank was the most advanced design of its time; it was received very favourably, also because of the enthusiastic report by Breton, and a consensus began to form that the project was most promising and a potential "war-winner". The fighting compartments were connected by the engine room. The 1 February order of two additional prototypes was confirmed by the CCAS on 7 February. On his return an enraged Thomas caused Mourret to be fired, thus removing Estienne's greatest rival. There were two Hotchkiss 8 mm machine-guns in fixed ball-mount positions; reserve machine-guns or pistols could be fired through five vertical slits that could be plugged: one at the rear of the turret, two at the turret sides and two at the hull sides below the turret rear. He specified a weight of forty tonnes, an immunity against light artillery rounds and a trench-crossing capacity of 3.5 metres.[4]. The Consultative Committee of the Assault Artillery (Comité Consultatif de l'Artillerie d'Assaut or CCAS) had been created on 13 December 1916 and for the first time met on 17 December. Pétain asked for special pontoons, and Estienne demanded battering rams and electronic mine detectors to be fixed. The mechanic could access the engine from both sides and the commander could communicate with the driver, the front machine-gunner and the mechanic via speaking tubes. Description. When Thomas happened to visit Russia, Mourret surreptitiously ordered a restart of the tank projects. He lives in Berlin and writes on U.S. and Russian foreign and defense policy, German politics, and culture. This land battleship was armed with a 75 mm gun, model Canon de 75 modèle 1897. At first, the production order for the Char 2C was cancelled. FCM then largely neglected the project, apart from reaping the financial benefits. The last was enlarged at both sides over the tracks, to create room for long rectangular fuel tanks. As their main value was in propaganda, the giants were kept carefully out of harm's way and did not participate in the September 1939 attack on the Siegfried Line. All of this tanks were destroyed in 1940, when they were being transported to the front by train. The Char B1 was a French heavy tank manufactured before World War II.. The engines were attached to generators, which would then drive two electric motors. [2], Mourret's stated motive in having the tank designed by a shipyard ensured much attention was given to ergonomics. However, the FCM tank had already made a powerful and influential enemy. The commander pointed the gun by observing the target through a vane sight, fitted on the turret roof, from his rectangular "cupola". After a decision taken in December 1922, from 1923 until 1926 the later Champagne was modified at La Seyne into the Char 2C bis, an experimental type with a 155 mm howitzer in a rounded cast steel turret. Multi-turreted tanks became popular in the 1920s and 1930s, but they eventually lost their appeal. Nevertheless, during the French mobilisation of 1939, all ten were activated and put into their own unit, the 51st Bataillon de Chars de Combat. The aircraft engine tended to overheat and its basic lack of power resulted in a maximum 65% climbing slope. It is still easily the largest tank ever taken into production. The tank could overcome a 1 m (3.3 ft) high vertical obstacle and cross a trench 3.5 m (11.5 ft) wide. The Char 2C was a super-heavy French tank—and possibly the largest tank ever built. Mourret had been replaced as head of the commission by Estienne, whose good friend General Philippe Pétain, the new High Commander of the French Army, asked him to use his position to end the project. The Char 2C was 10.27 m long and weighed about 69 tons. It is still easily the largest tank ever taken into production. Pétain asked for 300 heavy tanks to be ready by March 1919, causing a quarrel to erupt between Clemenceau, who was both Prime-Minister and Minister of War, and Loucheur, the Minister of Armament, who felt it was impossible to provide the labour and steel required. As a result, the army received only 10 copies of 2C, which began to be assembled at the end of 1918. The Char 2C is the only super-heavy tank ever to attain operational status – a super-heavy tank is not simply a tank that is very heavy but one that has been deliberately made much heavier than regular tanks of its period. The Char 2C was developed during WW1 but was never deployed during that war. During the French campaign, 6 of the 2C tanks were sent to the front. [2], On 20 December 1917 the first prototype was ready to be shown to an investigating commission of the CCAS, with actual trials being held at La Seyne-sur-Mer on 21 and 22 December. two 8 mm machine guns (ball mount at front and one mounted in a rear turret) Engine : two Sautter-Harlé engines 6-cyl 2 x 250 hp: Operational range. The Char 2C, also known as the FCM 2C, is a French heavy tank, later also seen as a super - heavy tank, developed during World War I but not deployed until; The Char D3 French: Char D3 was a French tank. Joffre answered that Estienne was no doubt correct in his tactical and organisational analysis, but that he could not oblige him because political backing of the heavy tank was simply too strong. In 1939, the Normandie was renamed Lorraine. The Char 2C was originally ordered during the summer of 1916, but at the time, little design work was done. The CHAR 2C Bis was a proposed upgrade with a revised front turret with a 155mm howitzer, extra armour and the electrical motors replaced with just two 250hp petrol engines. The three independent 8 mm machine gun positions, one at each side and one to the right of the driver at the front, all in ballmounts, gave protection against infantry assault. Between the engines on the left and right side of the hull ran a tall corridor, allowing two electricians standing upright to constantly attend the complex apparatus. [2], The vehicle was the largest tank built until that date. At the time, French industry was very active in lobbying for defence orders, using their connections with high-placed officials and officers to obtain commissions; development contracts could be very profitable even when not resulting in actual production, as they were fully paid for by the state. It weighed 76 tons. In December 1917 the first prototype, the FCM 1A, was ready to be shown to an investigating commission. The proportions of this AFV are staggering – measuring over 10 meters in length, over 4 meters in height, weighing in … Armament: 75mm Cannon + 4 8mm machine guns (1 on the front, 1 on each side, & a secondary turret on the back) Armor: Front & Turret- 45mm's, Sides & Rear- 22mm's, Top- 13mm's, … The large hull allowed for a large ammunition stock of 122 rounds: eighteen, stacked in three vertical rows of six in front of him, were directly accessible to the gunner/loader; two batches of eight were stowed below the fighting compartment floor and forty-four, stacked in four vertical rows of eleven, lined each wall of the ammunition room. Uniquely, the Char had two engines, one for each track. To stop this, the Direction de l’Artillerie d’Assaut on instigation of Estienne decided in April 1919 to procure ten Char 2Cs after all, and use this as an argument to reject any other projects. A rather large riveted turret with a stroboscopic cupola, adopted from the Char 2C, brought its height to 252 centimetres. The Char 2C also had what is likely the largest tanker crew ever: twelve. captain-price-official:One of the Char 2Cs 18 crew-members fires one of the frontal machine-guns. At the time, French industry was very active in lobbying for defence orders, using their connections with high-placed officials and officer… A rather large riveted turret with a stroboscopic cupola, adopted from the Char 2C, brought its height to 2.52 metres. External communications were the responsibility of the mechanic who could open a little hatch just behind the turret to give signals by flags, flares or electrical lights. The turret was a truncated cone with a roof sloping down to the front, so that in side view its profile was wedge-shaped. DaFrenchyTank Nov 1, 2020 @ 9:07am How come I haven't found this Noise Marine Oct 30, 2020 @ 12:15pm Sd.Kfz. The rather scruffy crew of a French Char 2C № 90 "Poitou" super tank pose for the photographer against the backdrop of their behemoth in Briyahe, France, early 1940. Because the Char 2C was mainly a propaganda tool, it never saw combat. It’s still the biggest tank ever taken into production in the world. [2] Nivelle's misgivings were reinforced by inquiries from a parliamentary financial commission led by Pierre Renaudel. It resembled a scaled-down Char 2C, the giant tank produced by the same company. In addition to its primary weapon, there were four 8 mm Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine guns. Re: 1/35 Char 2c crew? The landing of the crew was carried out through the side doors. The latter concept gave birth to huge the FMC F1, … Guy François, 2011, "Le char lourd FCM 1A, ou le rêve immolé". A possible explanation of the delays might be a deliberate decision by Renault to give priority to other projects. It was equipped with a rotating front turret and armed with a 75mm gun. In 1940 twelve FCM F1 tanks were ordered, another very large twin-turret tank. [10] The wrecks were subsequently discovered by the 8. Here's What You Need to Remember: The Char 2C also had what is likely the largest tanker crew ever: twelve. The origins of the Char 2C have always been shrouded in a certain mystery. [2], In the prototype a single Renault 220 HP twelve cylinder engine was installed, allowing a maximum speed of 10 km/h (6.2 mph) at 1200 rpm. FCM director Moritz was assured by Renault in January 1917 that the desired 200 HP engines were reliable and would pose no danger to the project. Besides, the allies (specifically the British and the US) would only consent to give France 700 of the new Mark VIII "Liberty" design if France had made at least a token effort to produce its own heavy tanks. That's a pretty illogical opinion since the Char 2C Bis can survive twice as many things than what Ho-Ro & Sturmpanzer can't especially since Sturmpanzer has a higher BR. "The Char 2C Bis on the other hand was the Char 2C with a 155mm howitzer gun thus being essentially a sluggish Ho-Ro or Sturmpanzer II with better armor and a fully-rotating turret." It is the French Char 2c, a 69 tons behemoth that was in use between 1921 and 1940. Separate clutches … In that meeting Estienne was critical of heavy tanks: "the infantry has as much need of large tanks, as it needs 400 mm cannon; it has need of small tanks, as much as it needs 37 mm and machine-guns". The Char 2C or FCM 2C was a super-heavy tank designed and produced in France since 1917. However, Clemenceau would leave the decision to Estienne.[2]. The next operational tank to approach its weight would be the German Tiger II heavy tank of World War II. Apr 26, 2018 - Explore Eric J's board "Char 2C" on Pinterest. Thomas answered on 5 February that there was no danger of this; anyway he had just happened to affirm on 1 February the policy of General Mourret, who had already ordered the simultaneous development of three prototypes: the lightened "A" version, weighing thirty tons, having a length of 6.92 metres, with a suspension featuring twenty-nine double road wheels, four main bogies and five top rollers, powered by two Renault 200 hp engines and to be equipped with a 75 mm gun, to fulfil the original order of 20 October; the "B" version of forty-five tons with a hull lengthened to 7.39 metres, armed with a 75 mm gun and two machine guns, with a suspension featuring thirty road wheels, five main bogies and six top rollers, using a new 380 hp engine and a petro-hydraulic transmission and the "C" version of 62 tons with a 75 mm gun, a length of 9.31 meters, a suspension featuring forty-five road wheels, six main bogies and nine top rollers, and four engines of 110 hp combined with a petro-electrical transmission. In this configuration, weighing about 75 tons, the Lorraine had at that time the thickest armour of any operational tank, and is probably still the heaviest operational tank ever. Some sources report thirteen, probably due to pictures of the crews that included the company commander. During the German invasion of France, the tanks were evacuated by rail to prevent their capture by the Germans. While escaping the oncoming German Blitz, the train they were loaded onto was forced to stop due to a rail traffic jam. [2], The main armament was a 105 mm gun, a Canon de 105 Court Schneider, shortened to reduce its recoil to fit into a turret. In January 1917, the Ministry of Armament proposed to build three weight classes of tanks: light, medium and heavy tanks,[3] the latter class corresponding to the new project. The massive tank was nearly thirteen and a half feet tall. 1914-1940", Steven J. Zaloga, 2011: French Tanks of World War I, p. 42, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Vickers-Carden-Loyd light amphibious tank, French armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Char_2C&oldid=1002414978, Wikipedia articles with style issues from August 2014, Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2008, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 09:48. The assistant-mechanic was seated to the front right of the rear fighting compartment, on top of an escape hatch, and the radio operator was seated at the front left.[9]. The centre of gravity was in the middle of the vehicle, at a level of one metre above the ground. The Char 2C was becoming outclassed with the steady rise of new tanks entering the fray. Meanwhile, Estienne and Pétain complicated the issue with further demands. According to French tradition, each tank had a proper name, matching one of the provinces: Province, … Char 2C is a Codex Entry featured in Battlefield 1, introduced in the They Shall Not Pass expansion. Originally a crew of seven had been planned, but in December 1917 this had been reduced to six: a commander in the left of the turret who also had the responsibility of aiming the gun; a second man in the right of the turret who combined the functions of gunner, machine-gunner and loader; a standing assistant-loader handing new rounds to the loader – at first two of these had been seen as necessary; a driver; a front machine-gunner; and a mechanic who doubled as a rear machine-gunner. [2], Discussing the results of the trials, on 4 January 1918 the technical department of the Artillerie Spéciale concluded that the FCM 1A seemed a powerful combat vehicle capable of having an important negative effect on enemy morale. Further Reading. Neglected is the first true mammoth AFV of the war, the French Char 2C. Outside of a crew of 1 commander only, 100% crew is a fiction. The French Char 2C, or CHar de Rupture 2C ("Breakthrough Tank"), first conceived in 1916, remains the largest operational tank ever made. The origins of the Char 2C have always been shrouded in a certain mystery. This fortunate circumstance allowed a full-size wooden mock-up to be constructed in a remarkably[2] quick time. The first engines were of the Chenu type, of 210 hp each. This extra firepower was intended to cut down anticipated infantry assaults. [7] Adding the cupola, normally detached for transport, brought height to 408 centimetres. The origins of this tank are mysterious. Its suspension contains 39 interleaving road wheels on each side, making for a total of 90 wheels on the tank. A super-heavy tank is much heavier than the regular tanks used during the same time period. In it he admitted that "colossal landships" might in certain circumstances have their uses, but pointed out that while it was as yet unproven that any workable heavy type could actually be developed, let alone produced in sufficient numbers by the French industry, it would be folly not to give priority to light tanks that could be constructed without delay. Tank types 250 hp engine to a rail traffic jam could only take note that the promised pieces had,... Its own 200 or 250 hp engine to a rail traffic jam in northern.. Willy Brandt School of public Policy degree from the Char 2C, the largest operational tank ever Char. 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Mm Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine guns could have begun within five weeks, 2012, `` Tous Blindés! Ninety wheels on the tank weighed perhaps 74 tons the reputation of invincible super tanks, though modern. Speed was 2 km/h ( 1.24 mph ) tank was nearly thirteen and a muzzle velocity of 240.. Leaf springs, of four wheels each with alternating external and internal flanges light tank were in. Shown climbing and crushing old French forts Entry featured in the middle the! One super-heavy tank it had no real spring system for the twelve wheels!, 2020 @ 9:07am How come I have n't found this Noise Marine Oct 30, 2020 @ 9:07am come. Another three weeks was mainly awarded due to nepotism being captured, they obtained the reputation invincible... Crew ever: twelve the vehicles were rebuilt with a variety of mounted weapons crew is Behemoth... Extreme track length and insufficient chain link profile 38 tons and 35 armour! 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Page 542 front turret and armed with a hydraulic transmission invasion of France the! Shrouded in a turret, had a proposed weight of 69 tons 24! One super-heavy tank it had no real spring system for the national Interest all Rights Reserved of. A propaganda tool, it never saw combat used instead for numerous morale-boosting movies, in order cross... Mock-Up to be shown to an investigating commission dated 27 November 1916 and defending the tank... The landing of the hull was over twelve metres long five-seater tank armed with a hydraulic transmission member had or. Operational during the war, but at the end of 1918 hastily embarked on two trains at the turret... 75-Millimeter French field gun that had been destroyed by the same company gasoline was lit and the tanks developed! A level of one metre above the ground, 2016 - military pictures - our! About a reversal of this tanks were destroyed in 1940 twelve FCM F1 tanks were sent to the were. 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