Juan Jaramillo – Spanish soldier and narrator, Jaramillo was with Francisco Vazquez de Coronado in the expedition to Quivira. Albin K. Longren (1882-1950) From Topeka and Leonardville, Longren was an aviator and engineer. Clark Clifford (1906-1998) – From Fort Scott, Clifford served as special counsel to President Truman, and later as Secretary of Defense. The lack of occurrence, lack of attention, lack of everything. Blackbear Bosin – (1921-1980) – An artist of Kiowa– Comanche ancestry. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator. Katherine Richards O’Hare (1877-1948) – From Ada, she was a Socialist, novelist, and anti-war activist. Here is the story of the history of my home state of Kansas. Robert Docking (1925-1983) – 38th Governor of Kansas from 1967 until 1975. Charles Ransford Jennison (1834-1884) – A physician and anti-slavery Jayhawker who led the Redlegs. John Brown (1800-1859) – Abolitionist who advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end all slavery. He imported Turkey Red Wheat to Kansas and established a milling operation. Fry W. Giles (1819-1898) – Businessman, author, and one of the founders of Topeka. Lawrence, home of the state’s largest university, depends on the school for its economy, though the city has worked successfully to attract high-technology and light-manufacturing industry. Bradbury Thompson (1911-1995) – From Topeka, he was an influential American graphic designer and art director. Harrison Kelley (1836-1897) – A soldier and member of Congress. This state became part of the US in 1803, when the French sold mass amounts of land to the US in the Louisiana Purchase. Ackert, James E. Adair, Florella Brown. Senator. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. John Pettit (1807-1877) –  Succeeded Samuel D. Lecompte as Chief Justice of the Territory of Kansas. Charlie Angell, Sr. (1881-1927) – Inventor of several agricultural improvements to machinery. • Frank Marshall Davis (1905–1987), journalist, poet, political and labor movement activist; Arkansas City Julius Augustus Wayland (1854-1912) Having his base of operations in Girard, Wayland was the founder of Socialist newspaper, Appeal to Reason. Kansas’s early settlers were principally antislavery New Englanders of British ancestry. Eugene Fitch Ware (1841-1911) – Nicknamed “Ironquill,” Ware was a lawyer and poet. Overland Park, in Johnson county, was incorporated as a city only in 1960 but by the end of the 20th century had overtaken even Kansas City in population; several large corporations are based there. While serving as a lawman, he made a failed attempt to rob a bank in Medicine Lodge, Kansas on April 30, 1884. Elizabeth Carter (1835-1883) – One of the pioneer mission teachers of Kansas. Amelia Earhart (1897- 1937?) This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Elanor “Peggy” Goodnough Hull Deuell (1889-1967) – Born and raised in Kansas, Deuell was the first woman war correspondent accredited by the U.S. government and the first woman to serve on four battlefronts. Joe Engle (1932-present) From Chapman commanded the STS-2 Space Shuttle and was a U.S. Air Force colonel. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. Clara H. Hazelrigg (1859-??) All that—it’s etched into your soul and it colors the way you see everything and it becomes a part of you. More thinly populated than the east, western Kansas has always feared and fought eastern domination, while the east often has ignored the west. Daniel R. Anthony (1824-1904) – Journalist, soldier, and politician from Leavenworth. Kenneth Sydney Davis (1912-1999) – Writer, biographer, aide to Milton Eisenhower, received the Francis Parkman Prize for his biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Ray Hugh Garvey (1893-1959) – From Topeka, Garvey was a wheat farmer who, in 1947 harvested a one million bushel wheat crop, believed to be the largest for an individual in America. Hugh Sleight Walsh (1810-1877) – Secretary and acting governor of the Territory of Kansas. Joseph L. Bristow – (1861-1944) – Editor and U.S. The Lewis and Clark expedition had a profound effect upon the Kaw. Susanna Madora Salter (1860-1961) From Argonia, she was the first woman mayor in the nation. He arrested more alleged outlaws, with a warrant than any other lawman in the West. ?-1856)- Shawnee and Wyandot Indian agent in 1856, Gay became a victim of the pro-slavery partisans during the Kansas-Missouri Border War. Paul M. Ponziglione (1818-1900) – One of the early Catholic missionaries in Kansas. Congressman and businessman from Lawrence. Early History of Native Americans in Kansas The Indigenous People of Alabama The names of the Kansas tribes included the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Kansa, Kiowa, Missouria, Osage, Otoe, Pawnee, Illinois and Iroquois. Henry Worrall (1825-1902) – One of Kansas’ first artists. African Americans in Kansas. Bernard W. Rogers (1921-2008) – From Fairview, he was an American general who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army, NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander, and Commander in Chief, United States European Command. Samuel Medary (1801-1864) – The last regularly appointed territorial governor of Kansas. Abram B. Burnett (1811-1870) – Potawatomie chief. James Langston Hughes (1902-1967) – Raised in Kansas, Hughes was an African-American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist. H. Miles Moore (1826-1909) – An early Kansas settler, Free-State lawyer, and politician in Leavenworth. Samuel Lappin (1831?-1892) – Prominent in Kansas political affairs, Lappin was tried for forgery, counterfeiting, and embezzlement. Congressman to represent Kansas. Christian “Jim” Roper (1916-2000) – From Halstead, in 1949 he became the first NASCAR Winston Cup Series stock car race winner. Kansas Unemployed. Senator and supporter of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, leader of border ruffian raids into Kansas Territory. Grain elevators, Mingo, northwestern Kansas. Don Coldsmith ( 1926-present) – Physician, professor, and author of several western fiction books and articles. He escaped custody twice and was killed in a shootout with police in Wichita, Kansas on November 22, 1921. – A pro-slavery advocate and Associate Justice of the Territory of Kansas. Before European colonization, Kansas was occupied by the Caddoan Wichita and later the Siouan Kaw people.The first European to set foot in present-day Kansas was the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, who explored the area in 1541.. Samuel A. Kingman (1818-1904) – A Chief justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. John Lewis Waller (1850-1907) – From Lawrence, Waller was a lawyer, founded Lawrence‘s first black newspaper, and was U.S. consul to Madagascar. William Edgar Stafford (1914-1993) – From Hutchinson, Stafford was poet, pacifist, and winner of the 1963 National Book Award. Anne Le Porte Diggs (1853-1916) – From Lawrence, Diggs was a journalist, state librarian, and supporter of Populism and Women’s Suffrage. Thomas Carney (1828-1888) –  A businessman in Leavenworth, Carney became the second governor of the State of Kansas. Walter “Big Train” Johnson ( 1887-1946) – From Humboldt, Johnson was a pitcher for the Washington Senators and inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936. In the 1500s, Spanish conquistadores came to explore the place. Sven Birger Sandzen (1871-1954) – From Lindsborg, he was a renowned artist and professor. You May Be Surprised To Learn These 11 Famous People Are From Kansas. Samuel J. Jones – Douglas County Sheriff who led the Sacking of Lawrence in 1856. Kansa, also spelled Konza or Kanza, also called Kaw, North American Indians of Siouan linguistic stock who lived along the Kansas and Saline rivers in what is now central Kansas. Their territory extended over most of present-day northern and eastern Kansas, with hunting grounds extending far to the west. Clarina I. H. Nichols (1810-1885) – Women’s rights supporter, educator, and newspaper journalist. Along with brother, Wilbur, they soon founded Duckwall Brothers was founded, featuring everything needed for the home. Date Created: January 2010 Date Modified: January 2020 The author of this article is solely responsible for its content. Rex Maneval (1890-1974) – From Frankfort, Maneval was an inventor and helicopter manufacturer. Kanza/Kaw Tribe – From a period extending far back into the past — far back of any written record — the Kanza claimed, as a nation, the region that they ceded to the United States by the treaty of June 1825. James Montgomery (1814-1871) – One of Kansas ‘ most infamous “Jayhawkers.”. Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains, Kansas was once seen as the country’s agricultural heartland; some nine-tenths of its land area is still used for agriculture. Samuel M. Irvin (1812-1887) – An early missionary and teacher to the Sac and Fox Indians. Thomas Ewing, Jr (1829-1896) – Military officer, Free-State advocate, and the first Chief Justice of the State of Kansas. Samuel Clark Pomeroy (1816-1891) – Pioneer and United States Senator. Earl Sutherland (1915-1974) – From Burlingame, he was the winner of the Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine in 1971. Zula Bennington “Peggy” Greene (1895-1988) – From Topeka, she was an author and columnist. Many of the small cities, especially in the west, offer unexpected cultural and commercial resources, perhaps because they often lie far apart and draw from large trade territories. Noble Lovely Prentis (1839-1900) – Author, journalist, and newspaper editor who worked in Kansas for over three decades. Lyman Underwood Humphrey (1844-1915) – The 11th governor of the State of Kansas. Atchison, Kansas is named for him. Henry Inman (1837-1899) – Soldier and author from Topeka. Henry Newton Brown (1857-1884) – Brown fought with the Regulators in the Lincoln County War of New Mexico. Apart from industrialization and agriculture, the state is also popular for being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over. Edward Grafstrom (1862-1906) – A mechanical engineer for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, he gave his life while trying to save many who were stranded in the great flood at Topeka. Kansas is named for the Kansas River that creates the northeast border. Frank Carlson (1893-1987) – From Concordia, Carlson served in the U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senate, and as governor. African Americans, mostly from the Deep South, arrived in number in the 1870s, establishing farming settlements such as Nicodemus in the northwestern part of the state. Edward P. McCabe (1850-1923) – Nicodemus colonizer and the first African-American to serve as state auditor in Kansas. John Charles Fremont (1813-1890) – Was an explorer, military officer, and politician who led multiple surveying expeditions, known as Fremont’s Expeditions, through the western territory of the United States, including Kansas. A snippet view is available at [3] Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium . We use cookies. John Dunbar (1804-1857) –  Clergyman, missionary to the Pawnee Indians, and first treasurer of Brown County, Kansas. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Chicago, Illinois by Jack Delano, 1943. The first people who lived in Kansas were Native Americans who were nomadic (people who don't live in one place for very long). Small communities populated by citizens of predominantly Russian, Bohemian, German, or Scandinavian ancestry still dot the state. Pardee Butler (1816-1888) – An abolitionist minister from Atchison. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The number of people unemployed in Kansas peaked in April 2020 at 179,494. Thomas W. Barber (? Sterling G. Cato (??-1867?) The two are related in that none of the state’s principal cities is in the west. Gerald Burton Winrod (1900-1957) – Evangelist, author, and political activist. Andrew Horatio Reeder (1807-1864) – Free-State leader and the first governor of Kansas Territory. There is now a small but growing Hispanic minority—less than one-tenth of the population—and a slightly smaller proportion of African Americans. Along with his brother, John O. Wattles, founded the town of Moneka, Kansas. John Otis Wattles (1809-1859) – An abolitionist, spiritualist, educator, and women’s rights activist, Wattles helped to found the town of Moneka, in Linn County, Kansas. Cyrus K. Holliday (1826-1900) – One of the founders of Topeka, first president of the  Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, as well as one of the railroad’s directors for nearly 40 years. Kenekuk (18??-1856?) E. M. Laird – From Wichita, Laird was a co-founder of the Wichita aircraft industry. Esther Whinery Wattles (1819-1908) – Supporting temperance, antislavery, and women’s rights, Wattles helped her husband, John Otis Wattles, to establish the town of Moneka, Kansas and founded the Moneka Women’s Rights Association. Blanche K. Bruce – First African American graduate of the University of Kansas in 1885. George A. Crawford (1827-1891) – Lawyer, journalist, and founder of Fort Scott, Kansas. Justin De Witt Bowersock (1842-1922) – U.S. – From Topeka, Lytle was one of the first African American women to be admitted to the practice of law in the United States. James Naismith (1861-1939) – From Lawrence, he was the inventor of the game of basketball and a coach at the University of Kansas. James B. Abbott (1818-1879) – Kansas pioneer, Free-State partisan and soldier. A raucous mix of antislavery settlers from New England and pro-slavery settlers from Missouri made up the early population. – From Chautauqua County, Fairfax was a Civil War veteran and the first African American elected to a state legislature. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. – Lawyer, author, and politician. Augustus Wattles (1807-1876) – An ardent abolitionist, Wattles came to Kansas from Ohio to help with the Free-State Movement. Lutie Lytle (1875-??) Robert B. Mitchell (1823-1882) – Soldier, Free-State advocate, and member of the first Kansas Territorial Legislature. Thomas Johnson (1802-1865) – A Methodist minister and member of the first territorial legislature of Kansas, he was killed by Missouri bushwhackers. Sidney Clarke (1831-1909) – One of the early members of Congress from Kansas and a Free-State advocate. Franklin George Adams (1824-1899) – Free-State advocate, teacher, attorney and publisher. Esther Brown ( 1917-1976) – Civil rights advocate from Kansas City. Samuel D. Lecompte (1814-1888) – First chief justice of the Territory of Kansas, pro-slavery advocate, and railroad builder. Benjamin F. Stringfellow (1816-1891) – Lawyer and pro-slavery leader in Kansas. Nick Chiles – Editor of the longest-running African American newspaper in the nation, the Plaindealer, established in Topeka in 1899. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim (1814-1866) – Principal leader of anti-slavery forces in Kansas during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and the Civil War. William Inge (1913 – 1973) – From Independence, Inge was a Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright. Minnie J. Grinstead (18? George Campbell (1848-??) David Rice Atchison (1807-1886) – U.S. A  stagecoach laden with mail and passengers marks the center of the canvas; a Pony Express rider and a Native American exchange fire on the left side; a vulture flies above the rider, symbolizing imminent danger and death. Robert James Walker (1801-1869) – The fourth Territorial Governor of Kansas. Charles Joseph Chaput (1944-present) – From Concordia, and of French-Canadian and Potawatomi heritage, he was the first American Indian to lead an American diocese. ?- 1855) – Free state supporter, was shot and killed by a pro-slavery advocate. Kansas History Books Showing 1-50 of 76 Kansas Oddities: Just Bill the Acting Rooster, The Locust Plagues of Grasshopper Falls, Naturalist Camps And More (Paperback) Charles Reynolds (1817-1885) – Writer and minister. Osa Johnson ( 1894-1953) From Chanute, Osa and her husband Martin, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. Adams, Brandon. Francisco Juan De Padilla (? From a recent trough of 75,757 in October 2020, the number of unemployed has now grown by 10,452. – From Concordia, Corbett is credited with shooting John Wilkes Booth. Henry J. Adams (1816-1870) – Lawyer, Free-State advocate, politician, and soldier. Lorraine Elizabeth Wooster (1868-1953) – From Beloit, in 1918 she became the first woman elected to statewide office in Kansas, as State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Peter Percival Elder (1823-??) Two years later they franchised their first Pizza Hut restaurant in Topeka. Georgia Neese Clark Gray (1900-1995) – From Richland, she was the first woman to serve as U.S. Treasurer. Cleyson Brown (1872-1935) – Utility and telecommunications pioneer from Abilene. Samuel J. Crawford (1835-1913) – Lawyer, soldier, and third governor of the State of Kansas. Roman Catholics make up nearly all of the remaining religious adherents. Most western Kansas farms or ranches are large, covering not less than one … During World War II, there was an influx of military personnel and aircraft workers, many of whom remained. Required fields are marked *. Henry Theodore Titus (1823-1881) – A solider and pro-slavery advocate who was involved in several skirmishes of the Kansas-Missouri Border War. Nellie Cline – (1886-1984) – Lawyer and the first woman to present oral arguments before the Kansas Supreme Court. She was the 42nd Governor of Kansas from 1991 to 1995. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Seth M. Hays (1811-1873) – The grandson of Daniel Boone, Seth M. Hays was the first white settler and Santa Fe Trail trader in Morris County, Kansas. Edgar Lee Masters (1869-1950) – From Garnett, Masters was a poet and biographer. – From Atchison, Earhart was the first woman granted a pilot’s license by the National Aeronautics Association and the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. In many popular histories, including Howard Zinn’s People’s History of the United States, the Populists are depicted as failures, crushed by almighty capital after selling out to make alliances with Democrats. William C. Quantrill (1837-1865) – After serving as a teacher at Lawrence, Quantrill began to lead gangs of Border Ruffians in the Kansas-Missouri Border War, became a Confederate soldier during the Civil War, and was responsible for the Lawrence Massacre in 1863. Charles Rath (1836-1902) – Merchant, buffalo hunter, and freighter, Rath was one of the original organizers of Ford County County, Kansas. Kansapedia Topic: People. Grenville L. Gove (18? Alfred M. Landon (1887-1987) – From Independence and Topeka, Landon was Kansas Governor and 1936 Republican presidential candidate. Edward Winslow Wellington (1853-19??) Edmund G. Ross (1826-1907) – Journalist and United States Senator. R. L. Pitts – From Wichita, Pitts was the first African American to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in Vietnam. George W. Deitzler (1826-1884) – Free-State advocate, soldier, and politician. The Jayhawkers were militant bands affiliated with the free-state cause during the days of Bleeding Kansas and into the Civil War. Henry Clay Pate (18? Joan Finney (1925-2001) – First woman to serve as State Treasurer and first woman governor of Kansas. William Elsey Connelley (1855-1930) – Historian, author, and businessman. John W. Leedy (1849-1935) – The 14th governor of the State of Kansas, Lorenzo D. Lewelling (1846-1900) – The 12th governor of the State of Kansas. Listen to 10 episodes of A People's History of Kansas City on Podbay - the best podcast player on the web. Kansas didn’t really get settled by Europeans until the mid-1850’s though most towns were founded in the 1880’s. A People's History of Kansas City KCUR's Suzanne Hogan brings you tales of the everyday heroes, renegades and visionaries who shaped Kansas City and the region. Later, she was among the first four women to serve in the Kansas House of Representatives from 1921 to 1924. Franklin Albert Root (1837-1926) – Author, stage messenger, and publisher. Clyde M. Reed – From Parsons, Reed was a publisher, 24th Kansas governor, and U.S. He was noted for his paintings depicting life Kansas. Three sisters barricaded themselves in a Wyandot cemetery in downtown Kansas City, Kansas, in the early 1900s, in order to save it from destruction. Adams, Henry J. Adams, John H. Adams, Stanley. Anna Marcet Haldeman-Julius (1887-1941) – From Girard, she was an actress, bank president, and author. William A. Peffer (1831-1912) –   Soldier, publisher, and United States Senator. It is thought that the Kansa had migrated to this location from an earlier prehistoric territory on the Atlantic coast. – Kickapoo Indian chief and prophet, moved to present-day Kansas around 1833 when the Kickapoo were removed from Illinois. Jotham Meeker (1804-1855)  – A missionary at the Ottawa Mission. Earl R. Browder ( 1891-1973) – American Communist Party leader and presidential candidate from Wichita. Later, he became a marshal in Caldwell, Kansas. Clyde Cessna ( 1879-1954) – Airplane manufacturer from Wichita. The vast stretches of empty fields, the flat horizons of treeless plains. John P. St. John (1833-1916) – From Olathe, the eight governor of Kansas, National Prohibition Party’s presidential candidate in 1884. Music by Electric Needle Room (http://electricneedleroom.com). Charles H. Withington (1816-1881) – A blacksmith for the Sac and Fox Indians, Withington was the first white settler in Lyon County, Kansas. Charlie “Yardbird” Parker (1920-1955) – Kansas City jazz saxophonist. This list represents those events that had a national or international impact. William F. Cloud (1825-1905) – Soldier and Indian fighter in Kansas, Could County is named in his honor. One of the original 33 counties created by the first Territorial Legislature, Marshall County is located in northeast Kansas and Marysville is its county seat.. Rich in history, Marshall County was for years, a vast prairie covered with a waving sea of wild grasses and large herds of buffalo that for centuries had wandered almost unmolested across them. Richard Cordley (1829-1904) – Author and minister, Cordley was present at the Lawrence Massacre and lived to write about it. More Famous People of Kansas. Lucy Hobbs Taylor (1833-1910) – From Lawrence, the first fully-trained woman dentist in the world. The concept of People to People represented part of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s lifelong crusade for peace. Margaret Hill McCarter (1860-1938) – Teacher, editor, and novelist. Leavenworth, the state’s oldest city, is built around government institutions, including an army post at Fort Leavenworth, a federal prison, a state penitentiary (in the bordering city of Lansing), and a veterans’ hospital. George Washington Carver (1864-1943) – An agricultural scientist, Carver mortgaged his Kansas homestead to go to college. Thomas Sears Huffaker (1825-1910) – A pioneer teacher of Kansas, one of the founders of Council Grove, and a politician. Elizabeth “Grandma” Layton (1909-1993) – From Wellsville, Layton became a renowned artist. Senator. Milton W. Reynolds (1823-1890) – Writer, politician and newspaper publisher. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. The way they talk and the way they live. Senator and U.S. District Judge, and author of the Hatch Act. The most conspicuous demographic trend has been the move from the farms to the cities, a trend that has continued with further technological advances in farming and the increasing size of individual landholdings. The Kaw Nation (or Kanza or Kansa) are a federally recognized Native American tribe in Oklahoma and parts of Kansas. Delano Lewis (1938-present) – From Topeka and Arkansas City, Lewis was a U.S. Department of Justice attorney, Director of the Peace Corps in Nigeria and Uganda, and first African American president of National Public Radio. Moses Harman (1830-1910) – From Valley Falls, Harman was a schoolteacher, publisher, and a staunch supporter for women’s rights. Solon O. Thacher (1830-1895) – Attorney, Free-State advocate, and politician. 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Thacher ( 1830-1895 ) From. Represents those events that had a national or international impact, Carney became second... – U.S Douglas ( 1899-1979 ) – an abolitionist minister From Atchison rate however. Chief White Plume by charles Bird King about 1822 the days of Bleeding Kansas and a advocate... Treasurer of Brown County, Fairfax was a well-known and radical temperance advocate 's! First delegate to Congress From Kansas City American Communist Party leader and the seventh governor of the state of Territory... From Lawrence, Kansas kansas people in history up nearly all of the organizers of the state of Kansas 1873-1909 ) an! President Dwight D. Eisenhower ’ s Great Plains, such as the Kansa had migrated to this From! Fe Trail, as well as an actress, bank president, newspaper! ( http: //electricneedleroom.com ) W. Whitfield ( 1818-1879 ) – Sheriff of Ford County Kansas... 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